Maintenance of Windows 10, what changes and what remains to be done
Over time, systems evolve, computers change and, consequently, the way we work on them and do maintenance also changes.
Who comes from past versions of Windows, especially from XP, Vista and Windows 7, when installing Windows 10, will have to review the way to keep the computer fast and stable, because there are many changes that Microsoft has made from the point of view security, updates, file management and recovery.
For example, a PC today no longer formats itself but, to use a term used by Microsoft, it “resets” itself with a total reset that brings Windows back to its original state.
Another example is related to the device drivers, which are updated automatically today and which, with few exceptions, hardly need to be installed manually.
In this article we see the main changes in the care and maintenance of Windows 10, with a summary of important operations and those that are no longer needed.
1) Windows updates
Microsoft has imposed an automatic system of updates in Windows 10, a bit aggressive, but still effective in keeping all computers as current as possible.
This definitely improves the security of the system, even if it has created some discontent due to the theoretical impossibility of not being able to ignore an update that can only be deferred.
Windows Update is now fully automatic and brings updates of new features, security, drivers, fixes and definitions for the internal antivirus.
How Windows Update works in Windows 10 and how to block updates, refer to a specific guide.
As already mentioned above, in Windows 10, as well as in Windows 8, the antivirus is already present in it and is called Windows Defender.
It is a basic antivirus, not as powerful as other antivirus programs in detecting unknown threats, but still good for a conscious and careful use of the computer.
In another article we saw how the Windows 10 antivirus works and when it would be better to install one in its place.
3) Clean unnecessary files and free up disk space
This is a maintenance operation that remains to be done even with Windows 10.
Cleaning up useless files is especially useful for freeing up disk space and can easily be done with automatic programs like Ccleaner.
Windows 10, however, has added a convenient function to know what’s on the disk, to understand which files occupy it so as to delete them if they are not needed.
Just go to Settings -> System and then to Storage to see the space used by the Windows folders and to explore the weight of the files and the space occupied on the disk.
If you don’t like it, you can always install the Treesize program to search for recent files, large files, and disk space checking in Windows
4) Backup and restore
With Windows 10 the backup is integrated into the system and there is no need to use an external program.
Unless you have specific requirements, you can go to Settings -> Update and Security to enable backup on another disk.
If this option is left active, Windows manages everything automatically and, in the event of problems, will allow you to restore the saved data.
Furthermore, if you do not have a backup and in the case of a serious problem, you no longer talk about formatting your computer and reinstalling Windows 10 because you just need to use the reset option found in Settings -> Update and security -> Restore – > Reset the PC.
Following this operation Windows will return as new and newly installed, with no more programs and files on it.
For all the recovery details, see in another article how to repair and restore Windows 10 in any negative eventuality, even if the PC should no longer be started.
In the same article it is also explained how to create a recovery unit, to be always ready in case of problems.
An important thing to do is activate system protection in Windows 10 to create recovery points and undo changes if errors are made.
5) Check the programs that start automatically
If before Windows 8.1 this was an operation that required an external tool, you can now check every program that starts automatically with Windows directly from the task manager, very simple and clear.
How to proceed is explained in the Windows 10 and Windows 8 task manager guide.
6) Check the memory and disk usage of the processes
Thanks to an enhanced task manager, it’s much simpler than it was in Windows 7 to control processes and their impact on computer performance.
Still in the task manager guide (see point 5), it is explained how to monitor the use of memory and CPU and also which processes use the disk more, slowing down the PC.
7) Software updates
In Windows 10 and Windows 8.1 the applications installed by the Microsoft Store update themselves.
This however does not apply to normal programs that will always have to be re-downloaded if a new version is released.
As already seen, there are automatic tools to manage program updates including Sumo (which in the article is the last in the list) is one of the most valid.
8) Uninstall unnecessary programs
The removal of programs in Windows 10 has not changed and has all the defects of the previous versions.
Who wants to do things very clean, can then use an uninstaller program like IOBit Uninstaller, which when it removes a program deletes each file without leaving a trace of it.
9) Glary Utilities Pro
If you like the idea of having an automatic computer maintenance, Glary Utilities Pro is also a great choice for Windows 10, which contains useful tools including: disk cleaning, quick editing, context menu management, startup management and other things
Be careful, however, that automated programs such as Glary include tools that are now increasingly obsolete and potentially dangerous, such as cleaning the system registry, which must absolutely be avoided.
Also defragmentation is useless in Windows 10 since it is automatic and is indeed to be deactivated if an SSD is used.
To do this, search dfrgui in the Start menu search bar, click on Change settings, then on Choose and deselect the SSD disk in the defragmentation schedule.
Microsoft has tried to make Windows 10 safer and easier as possible so that even without touching anything (as most non-experts do) the computer should remain stable and not have any problems with slowdowns.
But of course some things need to be done and the above should always be remembered for any PC you use.